Australian Conservation Foundation against Adani Carmichael Coal Mine

Landmark climate change case

The Adani’s Carmichael $16 billion coal mine has passed another legal hurdle in Federal Court, after the Australian Conservation Foundation (ACF) project was thrown out (Briggs, 2016). Roche told reporter Briggs (2016), that the Carmichael coal mine would help make jobs for “Queenlanders.”

Adrian Burragubba was challenging a National Native Title Tribunal decision that allowed the Queensland government to ... Photo by: Peter Braig, (Aap, 2016).

At stake is what’s best for the people of Australia. Continuing the mining is good news for people’s jobs and the economy, but could be costly in the end for the Great Barrier Reef (GBR).

In 2017, the Carmichael mine plans to start construction and “start production by 2019-2020, mining about 25 million tonnes of coal annually…” said by an anonymous company official (Pathak, 2016). Kelly O’Shanassy, ACF’s chief executive, stated that the Carmichael mine will “create 4.7 billion tonnes of climate pollution over the proposed life of the mine…” (Hannam, 2016).  I think that every mine that is created has some environmental impact no matter how small or large the impact is. There will always be some effect when humans change the landscape. According to the Hannam, the Carmichael would create as much carbon dioxide annually as New Zealand.

This photo was posted on Twitter by Stefan on August 29, 2016,  @StefanArmbruster (Hannam, 2016).

Using cold media like Twitter and Facebook are good ways to start a discussion and make aware of the GBR situation. Where as using hot media by showing photos or sitting in a lecture talking about the GBR, might be less effective.

This is frustrating to hear after Australia was in the process of reducing their pollution output. I believe that this coal mine will be a major threat to the GBR because of how much climate pollution will be produced from the mines.

Here’s a short report on how the Great Barrier Reef is affected by bleaching.

Approval for a mega coal mine in Queensland’s Galilee Basin is not in line with the government’s obligation to protect the GBR. The reef is already highly impacted by humans. Coral bleaching is at an all time high and large percentage of corals have been lost altogether (Hannam, 2016). Grech, Pressey, and Day (2016), feel that “the future of the Great Barrier Reef depends on transformational change in the cumulative assessment of Australian coal mines.” 

 

Sources used:

Aap 2016, ‘Adani Carmichael mine clears another legal hurdle’, The Sydney Morning Herald, 19 August, viewed 6 September 2016, http://www.smh.com.au/business/mining-and-resources/adani-carmichael-mine-clears-another-legal-hurdle-20160819-gqwmtj.html

Briggs, C 2016, ‘Conservation Foundation’s case against Adani mine dismissed’, ABCNet.au, 29 August, viewed 5 September 2016, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-08-29/adani-carmichael-mine-court-dismisses-acf-case/7795192

Grech, A, Pressey, R, & Day, J 2016, ‘Coal, Cumulative Impacts, and the Great Barrier Reef’, Conservation Letters, 9, 3, pp. 200-207, Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 September 2016.

Hannam, P 2016, ‘Australian Conservation Foundation loses Federal Court case on Adani coal,’ The Sydney Morning Herald, 29 August, viewed 5 September 2016, http://www.smh.com.au/environment/climate-change/australian-conservation-foundation-loses-federal-court-case-on-adani-coal-20160828-gr3au2.html

Pathak, M 2016, ‘Australian court upholds approval for Adani’s Carmichael mine project,’ LiveMint, 29 August, viewed September 06, 2016, http://www.livemint.com/Companies/reOaA2eUXZnXPIlAAjmsrM/Gautam-Adanis-Carmichael-mine-project-upheld-by-Australian.html

 

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Technology at home and in the Workplace

Technology is increasingly becoming part of our society at home and at work.

Many millennials have grown up with technology and it’s integrated into their home life and in their workplace. About 80% of employers are using multiple platforms of online information to find out more about potential employees (O’Connor and McDonald, 2016). They view profiling as an easy way to learn about people before they meet them. Many employees believe that their online identity should be private, and employers should not be allowed access.

“Around 27% of participants in our study indicated they had witnessed or heard about an employer who had use online information to influence a hiring decision” (O’Connor and McDonald, 2016).

I think that it’s too personal when an employer asks for your personal username and password, but it’s tolerable if an employer views ones profile if it’s open to the public on social media. People with a higher level of education tend to feel more strongly about their privacy online (O’Connor and McDonald, 2016). When you’re a public figure like a senator or Representative, very little of your personal life stays personal. 

Online profiling can be an advantage and a disadvantage. Some information online can be misleading or incorrect, while other information can help employers see if a potential employee would work well within the organization’s community. In the article by Coget (2011), “Technophobes tend to view technology fatalistically, as an irresistible force that intrudes on their lives and shapes it in ways they cannot control. Techno-enthusiasts, on the other hand, believe that people adapt technology for their own purposes, using it to improve their lives.”

digital-workplace-750x422 (Malik, 2016).

Malik writes that millennials are fine with a workspace where their personal and private lives blend together. Millennials now expect to have technology in the workplace (Pontius, 2016). Malik says small and medium businesses use technology as an advantage against larger corporations. Technology is changing the workplace and it’s allowing teams to collaborate in real-time, share ideas, projects, and communicate with groups while away from the office.

People trust peer reviews over advertisements (Click-Thru Consulting, 2016).

 

Sources used:

Click-Thru Consulting. (2016, March 31). The Social Media Revolution [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N4znQDyz038

Coget, J 2011, ‘Technophobe vs. Techno-enthusiast: Does the Internet Help or Hinder the Balance Between Work and Home Life?’, Academy Of Management Perspectives, 25, 1, pp. 95-96, Health Business Elite, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 September 2016.

Malik, Y 2016, ‘Digital workplaces: A more level playing field for smaller businesses’, Techseen, 29 August, viewed 4 September 2016, http://techseen.com/2016/08/29/digital-workplaces-sme-cybersecurity/

O’Connor, P, & McDonald, P 2016, ‘Is your employer watching you? Online profiling blurs the boundary of our public and private lives,’ The Conversation, 26 August, viewed 3   September 2016, http://theconversation.com/is-your-employer-watching-you-online-profiling-blurs-the-boundary-of-our-public-and-private-lives-64300

Pontius, N 2016, ‘How Millennials are Helping Companies Navigate the Digital Supply Chain Disruption’, Business.com, 29 August, viewed 3 September 2016, http://www.business.com/technology/how-millennials-are-helping-companies-navigate-the-digital-supply-chain-disruption/

Parents in the Workplace

Discrimination against Parents in the workplace

In the modern world that we live in today, we would think that companies would not be discriminatory towards men or woman in the workplace that plan to have a family in the future. Eek and Axmon write that it’s important for employers to have “a positive attitude towards parenthood and a flexible work situation…“   This is “beneficial for the general well being and work engagement among working parents” (2013).

However, “Pregnant women are still being discriminated against…”(Heron and Charlesworth, 2016)

The government put in place The Fair Work Act and the Sex Discrimination Act to protect pregnant women from discrimination. However, many new mothers are still dismissed from their jobs. It’s hard in court for the employee to argue that they have been dismissed unfairly because the employer can argue they did it to maintain their business. In most cases the employer wins and the employee is out of a job (Heron and Charlesworth, 2016).

According to Perkins, many Australian businesses still stick to the stereotype that men provide financial support to the family while women are the caregivers. Society should encourage mothers to return to work after parental leave (Heron and Chralesworth, 2016). One way to accomplish this is to give a mother a flexible work schedule.

Pola Harris, 21 months, and her dad Jarek Luszpinski. Pola Harris, 21 months, and her dad Jarek Luszpinski. Photo: Jason South, (Perkins, 2016).

On the other hand, fathers feel it’s too risky to their career to take parental leave. Researcher McCurdy reports that fathers who have the option to take leave without financial penalty often take the bare minimum or no leave. However, a poll found that many men would like to take parental leave if they didn’t have to worry about money.

Why does Society make it difficult for parents to choose between career and parenthood?

 

Sources uses:

Bell, A 2016, ‘Fortunate to work flexibly? No. We need to create a new world of work’, Womens Agenda, 23 August, viewed 29 August 2016, http://www.womensagenda.com.au/talking-about/opinions/item/7276-we-need-to-create-a-new-world-of-work

Eek, F, & Axmon, A 2013, ‘Attitude and flexibility are the most important work place factors for working parents’ mental wellbeing, stress, and work engagement’, Scandinavian Journal Of Public Health, 41, 7, pp. 692-705, Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 13 September 2016.

Heron, A, & Charlesworth, S, 2016, ‘Discrimination law fails pregnant women who lose their jobs’, The Conversation, 30 May, viewed 29 August 2016, https://theconversation.com/discrimination-law-fails-pregnant-women-who-lose-their-jobs-60057

Perkins, M 2016, ‘Australian dads long to be ‘latte papas’ but only some take financial hit’, The Age, 29 August, viewed 30 August 2016, http://www.theage.com.au/victoria/australian-dads-long-to-be-latte-papas-but-only-some-take-financial-hit-20160829-gr3rbu.html

 

 

 

Democrat Hillary Clinton versus Republican Donald Trump

The reality of the election from Australia’s point of view

The Sydney Morning Herald

News.com.au

I am an exchange student from the United States of America. The upcoming election is a big deal for me and I will be going back just in time for the November election. It’s important for me to keep up with what is going on back home, and what topics the candidates are discussing. I’ve been keeping up with the election by following the candidates Twitter pages.

Links to Clinton’s twitter page and Trump’s twitter page.

Penney states that many people learn about politics through digital platforms like Twitter, however he writes, “While some who engage in this activity enthusiastically embrace goals of persuasion, others opt for alternative conceptual frameworks…” (2016). I thought that it would be interesting to see how politics are reported in Australia.

According to some polls, “for each Democrat voter who shifts to Trump, two Republicans are getting behind Clinton” (McGeough, 2016).

Aaron Blake, another journalist for the Sydney Morning Herald, writes about how Trump looks like he is already going to lose by a landslide. Trump simply cannot stop being Trump, stating rude remarks, name calling, and uncalled for comments about other people.

Becker (2016) reports on Trump claiming that President Barack Obama and Clinton “co-founded the Islamic State,…” even though later he claims his statement was sarcastic. Becker discusses the FBI searching though thousands of Clinton’s email between 2009 and 2013, to see if there were leaked emails after her breach in security in 2015.

Sydney Morning Herald video discusses how Trump could improve his campaign.

Many of things that Australian reporters are saying are similar to what American reporters are writing about the two candidate.

Hillary Clinton is crushing Donald Trump in the polls.(McGeough, 2016)

Many thought Donald Trump was a changed man. More measured, more 'presidential', less of an attack dog. How wrong they were. (Blake, 2016)

 

Sources used:

Blake, A 2016, ‘They said Donald Trump wouldn’t hurl personal insults any more. They were wrong’, The Sydney Morning Herald, 23 August, viewed 24 August 2016, http://www.smh.com.au/world/us-election/they-said-donald-trump-wouldnt-do-personal-insults-any-more-they-were-wrong-20160822-gqyo3j.html

Becker, A 2016, ‘US election ‘alternative reality’: Clinton’, News.com, 23 August, viewed 25 August 2016, http://www.news.com.au/world/breaking-news/us-election-alternative-reality-clinton/news-story/568255100e2436021971f607e5e53628

McGeough, P 2016, ‘Donald Trump, crushed in polls by Hillary Clinton, talks of ‘rigged election”, The Sydney Morning Herald, 11 August, viewed August 25, 2016, from http://www.smh.com.au/world/us-election/donald-trump-crushed-in-polls-by-hillary-clinton-starts-to-talk-of-rigged-election-20160810-gqpqww.html

Penney, J 2016, ‘Motivations for participating in ‘viral politics’: A qualitative case study of Twitter users and the 2012 US presidential election’, Convergence: The Journal Of Research Into New Media Technologies, 22, 1, p. 71, Publisher Provided Full Text Searching File, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 September 2016.

Terrorism in the World

Today, it’s hard to avoid the news of terrorism around the world. It’s important to understand where terrorism comes from and how governments can help decrease the number of people or groups who are a threat. Mass media has an influence terrorism. According to Gadarian theory, mass media influences foreign policy by “communicating a set of policy options from political leaders, but also through covering threatening issues such as terrorism in an evocative way” (Gadarian, 2010).

TedTalk: “We all worry about the threat of terrorism but should we? Looking at terrorism in a different light.

The Institute for Economics and Peace’s Global Terrorism Index (GTI); reported that there has been a significant increase in terrorist attacks sense 2001. In 2015, under 100 countries were attacked by terrorists; which is “up from 59 [countries] in 2013” (Friedman, 2016).

I agree with Clarke (2015), from ABC News, that “the number of people dying due to terrorism has increased dramatically in the past 15 year”.

“Infographic: Chart: Deaths from terrorism, 2000-2014 (Global Terrorism Index)”

The GTI reports that private citizens are becoming more of the targets for terrorists.

Clarke (2015), reports that every 1 in 5 attacks are by the Islamic extremists and that a very small percentage of terrorists attacks occur in the Western nations.

I agree with Clarke, that in the Western world there are not as many terrorists attacks compared to the number of terrorist attacks in the Middle Eastern part of the world.

The Majority of Terrorist attacks happen in 5 countries

“Infographic: Countries with the highest number of deaths by terrorism, 2014 (Global Terrorism Index)”

Deaths from terrorism in Western countries“Infographic: Deaths from Terrorism in Western Countries (Global Terrorism Index)”

Clark believes that when the media shows terrorist threats and presents disturbing images it influences the public to want to attack the enemy.  This is particularly true if the media presents emotional information.  I feel that the terrorists attacks that are reported are closer together, and we are hearing about them more often, through social media, television, radio, and newspapers. I agree that the news is having an influence on how the public forms opinions about things. Their coverage can increase the number of terrorist attacks.

News Sources:

Clarke, M 2015, ‘Globally, Terrorism is on the Rise – but little of it occurs in Western Countries’, ABC Net, 17 November, viewed 6 August 2016, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-11-17/global-terrorism-index-increase/6947200

Friedman, U 2016, ‘Is Terrorism Getting Worse?’, The Atlantic, 14 July, viewed 7 August 2016, http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2016/07/terrorism-isis-global-america/490352/ 

Gadarian, SK 2010, ‘The Politics of Threat: How Terrorism News Shapes Foreign Policy Attitudes’, Journal Of Politics, 72, 2, pp. 469-483, Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 September 2016.